The National Automotive Policy 2020 (NAP 2020) focuses on the research of new technologies, the creation of business and job opportunities particularly in future mobility areas, and the development of new manufacturing processes and value chains within the mobility sector.
Three new elements of technology – Next Generation Vehicle (NxGV), Mobility-as-a-Service (MaaS), and Industrial Revolution 4.0 (IR4.0) were introduced to facilitate the implementation of NAP 2020 initiatives.
Let’s take a closer look at the three new elements.
Next-Generation Vehicles (NxGVs)
NxGV is described as a vehicle equipped with futuristic powertrains (electric vehicles, fuel cell vehicles, etc.) featuring advanced driving capabilities and connectivity with a minimum of Level 3 Vehicle Automation.
Powered by Artificial Intelligence (AI), machine learning and sensors, one of its key features is autonomous driving. Other than that, NxGVs are also equipped with vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication system, a feature which allows the vehicle to stay connected with other vehicles and infrastructures in a unified network through the utilization of Internet of Things (IoT).
The availability of this feature enables other critical components of NxGVs to function such as autonomous navigation. The car should know when to change its route according to various conditions and the data pool within the network provides vital information that allows the vehicle to make accurate decisions within a small timeframe without any human intervention.
The NAP 2020 aims to develop standards by 2021 to ensure market penetration by the year 2026. A few developments are already in the works such as An Autonomous Vehicle Test Bed (AVTB) – a facility to test autonomous vehicles, collectively design and validate NxGV parts and components in a single location, in collaboration with all members that contribute to the design pool for autonomous driving.
Under the AVTB, an EV Operability Centre (EVIC) is also being established, serving as a shared test center for the development of Electric Vehicles (EVs) and EV-related products and systems as part of its roadmaps of the NAP.
MaaS is a concept which integrates various types of services and transport modes into an efficient and centralised mobility service.
Through the combination of public and private transport modes, MaaS provides a wide range of transportation, besides enabling users to enjoy other services such as optimised product delivery services, online health diagnostics, and others.
MaaS is also a consumer-centric mobility lifestyle concept that integrates five clusters into a centralised service provider. The five clusters – Sharing Concept, Multimodal Transportation, E-Payment, Telematics, and Connected Living fuelled the birth of new business models that are thriving today such as Grab, SOCAR, and Foodpanda.
The aforementioned services have changed the way we perceive transportation, now becoming even more important as the transportation industry progresses to be a service provider, enhancing the lifestyle of consumers in line with future mobility.
The development of NxGVs will further deepen the impact of MaaS, as it leverages on digital platforms that integrate end-to-end trip planning, booking, payment services and solutions across all modes of transportation.
Industrial Revolution 4.0
The adoption of digital technologies has reached a point where the automotive industry is preparing for another radical change – the Industrial Revolution 4.0 (IR 4.0).
Some key enabling technologies of IR 4.0 include additive manufacturing (3D printing), collaborative robots (Cobots), AI, virtual reality (VR), IoT and Big Data Analytics (BDA).
In IR 4.0, automation, AI and system integration form the basis for optimisation of design and production processes, which allows the manufacturing of highly customised, flexible and efficient products.
The availability of these elements enables the transformation of traditional factories to Smart Factories, where every process is automated as much as possible, while IoT, BDA and system integrators to synchronize various processes such as research, design, prototyping, production, distribution and client management.
IR 4.0 is continuously advancing as we speak, new elements and enabling technologies are being continuously developed, proving that the future is limitless.
Check out the video below for more details regarding the new elements introduced in NAP 2020: